Summary Response Outline
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
- Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
- Explanation of ideas
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea
- No opinion
Act 4 if Shakespeare’s, Othello, depicts how jealousy can be an overpowering force. Iago has begun planting seeds of betrayal and jealousy all around Othello trying to lead him to believe that his wife is cheating on him. Iago has planted desdemona’s beloved handkerchief into the hands of Cassio and feeds Othello lies, enraging him and riddling him with jealousy. Iago has also informed Othello of Cassio’s fake dreams about Desdemona and consumes Othello with jealousy with fake stories of them together. Iago has planted the seeds of jealousy in Act 4 and will watch them come to fruition.
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
- Claim 1: Othello, by William Shakespeare, correctly portrays how jealousy can be an overpowering force in one’s life because of how Iago is able to fabricate lies and deceptive plots that blind Othello with jealousy.
- Set-up Iago immediately begins to take advantage of Othello with lies and fabricated evidence, and this is all too much for Othello to handle. Othello becomes enraged and full of hatred and jealousy. Othello begins to question his wife and Cassio, and even had thoughts of killing them. Othello is so overwhelmed by jealousy, he disregards all logic as well as his wife’s words.
- Evidence: Lead-in Othello voices his suspicions to his wife and disregards her word, “ Ay, you did wish that I would make her turn.Sir, she can turn, and turn, and yet go on, And turn again. And she can weep, sir, weep. And she’s obedient, as you say, obedient, Very obedient.—Proceed you in your tears.—Concerning this, sir—Oh, well-painted passion!— I am commanded home.—Get you away, I’ll send for you anon.—Sir, I obey the mandate And will return to Venice.—Hence, avaunt” ( Shakespeare 4. 1. 203-211).
- ” (Explanation of quotation to prove claim) Othello’s jealousy has consumed him, and changed him forever. Othello has gone as far as to strike Desdemona due to jealousy. Othello believe that Desdemona is just twisting and turning around cheating with Cassio and trying to escape his questioning. Othello can’t even be in the same room as Desdemona and claims that she would be the perfect wife, except all of her qualities are fake and she is suspiciously kind. Her obedience and loyalty are not real in Othello’s eyes, the jealousy has blinded him from her true qualities. He even goes as far as to insult her in front of the messenger from Venice, and threatened Desdemona’s life saying, “I will chop her into messes! Cuckold me?” (Shakespeare 4. 1. 152). Othello has been consumed by jealousy that has overpowered his personality.
- Counterclaim 1: However, Othello has not been completely pulled into a jealous rage and has continually tried to fight back against thoughts of jealousy and betrayal. Iago has begun to pull Cassio, Othello, and Desdemona into his master plan to take Othello’s position. Iago has set up desdemona to have it appear as though her and Cassio are having an affair. Othello, has realized Iago’s plot and has threatened him to stop and to prove if his claims were true.
- Set-up Othello has not been so blinded by jealousy that he overlooks hard evidence, Othello exclaimed,
Evidence: Lead-in "Rude am I in my speech,and little bless'd with the soft phrase of peace:For since these arms of mine had seven years' pith,
Till now some nine moons wasted, they have used Their dearest action in the tented field, And little of this great world can I speak, More than pertains to feats of broil and battle,And therefore little shall I grace my cause In speaking for myself. Yet, by your gracious patience, I will a round unvarnish'd tale deliver of my whole course of love" (Shakespeare 4. 3. 81-91).
- Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Othello states how he is a hardened warrior, yet he is still civilized, and well spoken. Othello is defending his marriage, and states that he will tell him about Desdemona’s rough course of over, but how they overcame and found a course of love. Othello although it seems he might be consumed by jealousy he is still able to remember his love for desdemona and does not let jealousy overpower him.
- What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? At first glance I could see why you might believe that jealousy cannot be an overwhelming power in one’s life. We cannot deny that Othello has declared his love many times for Desdemona, and he has also held a steady hand over the island in the face of jealousy. But it's more complicated than that Othello has displayed his hatred for Cassio and Desdemona, and has even gone as far as to plan their deaths. Othello has gone into mad fits due to jealousy, and has been so consumed by jealousy that he has even struck her in front of Ludovico. Othello has become distant and brash in front of others, and Desdemona is so confused by Othello’s brash personality that she has had to leave Othello. Othello has become blinded from his love with desdemona saying, “Get me some poison, Iago, this night. I’ll not expostulate with her, lest her body and beauty unprovide my mind again—This night, Iago” (Shakespeare 4. 1. 156). Othello has been changed and would rather kill the love of his life than be jealous of her with another man. Jealousy has turned Othello from a fair content man, into a brash, jealous, and unjust leader and husband.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea In Act 4 of Othello, by William Shakespeare, jealousy has changed Othello and overpowered him, because he has become a new worse version of himself that is brash, jealous, and unjust.