Summary Response Outline
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea In Act 2 of Othello by William Shakespeare, Shakespeare shows how jealousy and betrayal can ruin friendships and destroy lives. As the main characters travel to Cyprus Iago is beginning to show his deep hatred for Othello as he turns his lieutenant, Michael Cassio, against another officer named Montano. Iago is seen as an evil man throughout this act because he convinces Michael Cassio to pursue Desdemona full knowing it will anger Othello. He does this by getting Cassio drunk and into a fight with Montano, thus losing his lieutenancy. Through his deep abhorrence of Othello, Iago creates a plan that will ensnare everyone around him. In Act 2 of Othello, Shakespeare shows how jealousy and betrayal can ruin friendships and destroy lives.
- Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
- Explanation of ideas
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea
- No opinion
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
- Claim 1: Othello, by William Shakespeare, accurately portrays how Iago can completely ignore human decency on his quest to shame Othello, because Iago is so fueled with revenge, that is he able to only focus on himself and his revenge plot.
- Set-up Iago shows no restraint as he mentally attacks Othello by using his lieutenant Michael Cassio against him. Iago has convinced Cassio that the only way to earn his position back is to use Othello’s wife Desdemona as a means to an end Othello’s reign as leader.
- Evidence: Lead-in Desdemona is undoubtedly the closest person to Othello, as well as the most vulnerable to corruption. Iago, a master of manipulation, can sense this and begins to attack her through trying to get her to reinstate Cassio as lieutenant. However, this is all part of much larger plot that Iago has set into acting to exact revenge on Othello. As Iago speaks to the audience directly regarding his plan, he forecasts,
- “ And nothing can or shall content my soul Till I am even'd with him, wife for wife; Or failing so, yet that I put the Moor At least into a jealousy so strong that judgement cannot cure" (Shakespeare 2. 2. 299-302).
- Explanation of quotation to prove claim Iago after not being named lieutenant has set a plan into action fuel with revenge to shame Othello. Iago, has already manipulated man people, and is still not content. Iago is no satisfied with his work of making a web of lies, he has to have revenge and make things even between Othello and himself. Iago claims that he has to make Othello so jealous and enraged, that he will feel what Iago felt for not being awarded the position. Othello's jealousy will undoubtedly destroy friendships and others' lives that are ensnared into the plan.
- Counterclaim 1: However, Iago shows qualities such as compassion, honesty for his friends, and self-control.
- Set-up Iago shows many traits of heroism such as compassion, honesty, and self-control. Iago tries to lift Cassio's spirits despite Cassio's loss of position, Iago inspires Rodrigo to chase after his love with Desdemona, and stops Rodrigo from killing himself.
- Evidence: Iago is not known for his compassion, however he has shown many instances where he could not have helped his friends, and some of his friend might have been dead if it were not for him. Iago has inspired Rodrigo and Cassio to follow their dreams and helps them along the way. He gave Rodrigo advice on how he can finally be with Desdemona, and he also helped Cassio to be reinstated as lieutenant.
- Lead-in As Iago speaks to Cassio he exclaims that he should follow his dreams, “I protest in the sincerity of love and honest kindness” (Shakespeare 2. 3.345-350).
- Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Iago has shown many examples of compassion for others, helping Cassio back into his leadership role, helping Rodrigo find love with Desdemona, and saving Rodrigo’s life.
- Rebuttal:A common view is that Iago may have sympathy for Cassio, especially when he does not completely condemn him during his testament of the Montano Cassio fight. This interpretation is not entirely accurate, Iago only insists that Cassio ask Desdemona to be reinstated as lieutenant to tear Desdemona and Othello's relationship apart. It is easy to see why one would believe this viewpoint because people believe that even in the worst people, there is good somewhere. Many people, in your society are optimists and people always want to believe in a higher cause in other people. Optimism is a very reasonable outlook, and is accepted by millions of people throughout the world many people have obscure personalities, but they just have to break through and they can become a whole new person. There are many professional psychologists that are world renowned that recognize how someone just has to break through and they can become a whole new person. But it's more complicated than that Iago’s logic and reasoning have been so clouded by jealousy and anger that he can no longer see the good in Othello, only the evil he wants to see. Like Anakin Skywalker when he turned into Darth Vader in Star Wars. Iago so fueled by rage has enveloped many people in a plot, and this could lead to broken relationships and turmoil in Othello and Desdemona's life. Iago has created webs of lies that have ensnared many people, and have torn relationships apart before they even began. Othello is already wondering if Cassio and Desdemona are cheating, and Iago lies to Othello in oder for him to get revenge.
Concluding Sentence: In Act 2 of Othello by William Shakespeare, Iago is finally seen putting his master plan into action fueled by jealousy and betrayal, and shows little compassion for human life, as well as manipulation that tears relationships apart and destroys everyone that gets close to Iago.