Thursday, October 1, 2015

Josh Wiegman Othello Act 4

Summary Response Outline


Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • No opinion
Act 4 if Shakespeare’s, Othello, depicts how jealousy can be an overpowering force. Iago has begun planting seeds of betrayal and jealousy all around Othello trying to lead him to believe that his wife is cheating on him. Iago has planted desdemona’s beloved handkerchief into the hands of Cassio and feeds Othello lies, enraging him and riddling him with jealousy. Iago has also informed Othello of Cassio’s fake dreams about Desdemona and consumes Othello with jealousy with fake stories of them together. Iago has planted the seeds of jealousy in Act 4 and will watch them come to fruition.
Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • Claim 1: Othello, by William Shakespeare, correctly portrays how jealousy can be an overpowering force in one’s life because of how Iago is able to fabricate lies and deceptive plots that blind Othello with jealousy.
  • Set-up Iago immediately begins to take advantage of Othello with lies and fabricated evidence, and this is all too much for Othello to handle. Othello becomes enraged and full of hatred and jealousy. Othello begins to question his wife and Cassio, and even had thoughts of killing them. Othello is so overwhelmed by jealousy, he disregards all logic as well as his wife’s words.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  Othello voices his suspicions to his wife and disregards her word, “ Ay, you did wish that I would make her turn.Sir, she can turn, and turn, and yet go on, And turn again. And she can weep, sir, weep. And she’s obedient, as you say, obedient, Very obedient.—Proceed you in your tears.—Concerning this, sir—Oh, well-painted passion!— I am commanded home.—Get you away, I’ll send for you anon.—Sir, I obey the mandate And will return to Venice.—Hence, avaunt” ( Shakespeare 4. 1. 203-211).
    • ” (Explanation of quotation to prove claim) Othello’s jealousy has consumed him, and changed him forever. Othello has gone as far as to strike Desdemona due to jealousy. Othello believe that Desdemona is just twisting and turning around cheating with Cassio and trying to escape his questioning. Othello can’t even be in the same room as Desdemona and claims that she would be the perfect wife, except all of her qualities are fake and she is suspiciously kind. Her obedience and loyalty are not real in Othello’s eyes, the jealousy has blinded him from her true qualities. He even goes as far as to insult her in front of the messenger from Venice, and threatened Desdemona’s life saying, “I will chop her into messes! Cuckold me?” (Shakespeare 4. 1. 152). Othello has been consumed by jealousy that has overpowered his personality.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, Othello has not been completely pulled into a jealous rage and has continually tried to fight back against thoughts of jealousy and betrayal. Iago has begun to pull Cassio, Othello, and Desdemona into his master plan to take Othello’s position. Iago has set up desdemona to have it appear as though her and Cassio are having an affair. Othello, has realized Iago’s plot and has threatened him to stop and to prove if his claims were true.
    • Set-up Othello has not been so blinded by jealousy that he overlooks hard evidence, Othello exclaimed,
Evidence: Lead-in  "Rude am I in my speech,and little bless'd with the soft phrase of peace:For since these arms of mine had seven years' pith,
Till now some nine moons wasted, they have used Their dearest action in the tented field, And little of this great world can I speak, More than pertains to feats of broil and battle,And therefore little shall I grace my cause In speaking for myself. Yet, by your gracious patience, I will a round unvarnish'd tale deliver of my whole course of love" (Shakespeare 4. 3. 81-91).

    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Othello states how he is a hardened warrior, yet he is still civilized, and well spoken. Othello is defending his marriage, and states that he will tell him about Desdemona’s rough course of over, but how they overcame and found a course of love. Othello although it seems he might be consumed by jealousy he is still able to remember his love for desdemona and does not let jealousy overpower him.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? At first glance I could see why you might believe that jealousy cannot be an overwhelming power in one’s life. We cannot deny that Othello has declared his love many times for Desdemona, and he has also held a steady hand over the island in the face of jealousy. But it's more complicated than that Othello has displayed his hatred for Cassio and Desdemona, and has even gone as far as to plan their deaths. Othello has gone into mad fits due to jealousy, and has been so consumed by jealousy that he has even struck her in front of Ludovico. Othello has become distant and brash in front of others, and Desdemona is so confused by Othello’s brash personality that she has had to leave Othello. Othello has become blinded from his love with desdemona saying, “Get me some poison, Iago, this night. I’ll not expostulate with her, lest her body and beauty unprovide my mind again—This night, Iago” (Shakespeare 4. 1. 156). Othello has been changed and would rather kill the love of his life than be jealous of her with another man. Jealousy has turned Othello from a fair content man, into a brash, jealous, and unjust leader and husband.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea In Act 4 of Othello, by William Shakespeare, jealousy has changed Othello and overpowered him, because he has become a new worse version of himself that is brash, jealous, and unjust.

Thursday, September 24, 2015

Wiegman Othello Act 1 Summary Redo

Outline for “Othello: Act 1”
Summary:
  • Topic sentence: Othello, by William Shakespeare, proves that friends, and people in general, are not always who they seem to be.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas: From the point when Iago uses Roderigo to bring to light the affair between Othello and Brabantio’s daughter, to Iago convincing Roderigo not to drown himself, there were always ulterior motives behind Iago’s seemingly friendly actions. Although Roderigo perceived these actions as gestures of friendship, Iago was ultimately pursuing his goal of taking revenge on Othello by using Roderigo as a means to achieve that goal. Clearly, Shakespeare demonstrates how although someone’s motives may seem pure, that is not always the case.  

Response:
  • Topic sentence: Othello, by WIlliam Shakespeare, correctly depicts how people can use each other without any regard for human life or decency, because he is constantly involving more and more people into his plan that is fueled by revenge and betrayal.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up At the beginning of the play, Iago makes it clear that he is angry at Othello for not awarding him the rank lieutenant, instead giving it to Cassio who Iago does not think is deserving of the position.  
    • Evidence: Lead-in Iago is so distraught and enraged that he was not awarded the position of lieutenant, that he ropes in a “friend” under false pretenses to help him get his revenge on Brabantio, and said to Rodrigo with false pretenses, “‘Though that his joy be joy yet throw such changes of vexation on’t, as it may lose some color.’ ‘Here is her father’s house, I’ll call aloud’” (Shakespeare 1.1.70).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim Iago wants revenge for the loss of the military command role, but is playing a much more intricate game, using Rodrigo to direct the father’s blame and hatred towards. This quote shows how much Iago wants to harm the father and his emotional state, exposing an affair of sorts with a black man.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, .... Even though Iago seems to be motivated solely by personal gain, the argument could be made that Iago does show concern for his friend’s well being.
    • Set-up While Iago is proposing a plan for Roderigo to win back Desdemona, Roderigo hints that he is thinking about drowning himself in his despair.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  Iago rushes to talk Roderigo out of it, saying “‘If thou dost I shall never love thee after. Why, thou silly gentleman!’ ‘It is silliness to live, when to live is torment, and then we have a prescription to die when death is our physician.’ ‘O villainous! I have looked upon the world for four times seven years, and since I could distinguish betwixt a benefit and an injury, I never found man that knew how to love himself. Ere I would say I would drown myself for the love of a guinea hen, I would change my humanity with a baboon’” (Shakespeare 1.3.348).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: Iago is clearly shocked when Roderigo hints that he might drown himself. Iago, has also helped out Brabantio by alerting him of his daughter's misdeeds and helping him and Rodrigo. Iago also attempted to convince Roderigo that all is not lost in his attempt to marry Desdemona. Iago clearly shows that he is caring for his friends and cares greatly for them.

  • Rebuttal: At first glance, it may seem that Iago is genuinely concerned for the well being of Roderigo, as he offers to help him confront Brabantio and talks him out of drowning himself. One cannot deny that Iago does demonstrate concern, at least on the surface for Roderigo. However, Iago later admits that he was trying to gain control over Roderigo, saying to himself after Roderigo leaves, “‘Thus do I ever make my fool my purse’” (Shakespeare 1.3.426). Iago refers to Roderigo as his purse in saying this, suggesting that he wants to transform Roderigo into his personal puppet. Iago makes Roderigo sell his land for money to try to marry Desdemona, but there id undoubtably another purpose for his actions. At first, Iago attempted to inflict the wrath of Brabantio on Othello by using Roderigo to inform Brabantio that Desdemona was married to Othello. By using Roderigo, Iago has redirected the blame fro himself and solely onto Roderigo if anything were to happen. When the Duke found that Desdemona was married to Othello of her own will, then Iago had to find a new plan. He still needed Rodrigo, however, so when Roderigo threatened to drown himself, Iago hastened to talk him out of doing so. Through using Roderigo in this way, Iago forms a perfect example of how people can use each other with so little regard for human life or decency.
  • Concluding Sentence: Othello, by William Shakespeare, proves that friends, and people in general, are not always who they seem to be

Wiegman Wiegert "Bully" by Lee Hirsch Summary Response Redo #2

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: Bully, by Lee Hirsch, portrays the very real problem of bullying through the stories of its victims.
  • The stories show how terrible bullying really is. Some even prove that bullying can lead to self-hate, problems with families, and even suicide. In Bully, by Lee Hirsch, many students are interviewed on how bullying as effected their lives, and have lead to self-hate, social problems, and even suicide.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays) because ___________ .
  • Claim 1 Set-up- 1 Bully, by Lee Hirsch, is a serious movie, that correctly portrays how bullying can lead to self-hate, problems with families, and even suicide, because of teasing, physical, and emotional trauma by classmates.
  • Evidence: Lead-in   While being interviewed by the camera crew, Alex confessed his loneliness and insecurities, I feel like I belong somewhere else,” (Hirsch).
  • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: Alex implies that he’s not good enough to have friends or to fit in wherever he might be. Bullying through his years of schooling has destroyed his self esteem, and has made him think less of himself. These taints have lead him to hate himself, and have changed his life for the worse. Although many people see bullying is more physical harm, psychological harm is far more common in our modern schools. This emotional trauma can lead children to have problems in their lives and lead to actions such as suicide due to their thinking that it is better to end it then to keep suffering.
  • Counterclaim 1:

    • Set-up  However, many school officials believe that bullying is just kids being kids and rough-housing. They have even held meetings and assemblies about anti-bullying and have confronted bullies and their parents.
    • Evidence: Lead-in   Many parents see bullying, yet they see that it is all in good fun, this line was taken from a school official during an interview on the seriousness of bullying. “Boys will be boys,” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim

These boys are just horsing around calling each other names, and having some rough fun. Although some of these “bullies” might take it too far at times, many parents believe that their boys are just trying to connect with children that they don’t know, and so they are rough to try to see what the other kid is like. ALmost everyone has encountered these school yard games and taunts, yet we still made many friends and also became friends with the so called "bully". These games may be mean to some children, but these social encounters have made us stronger, made many friends, and prepared us for the hardships of the real world.

At first you might think that these children are only picking on one child, but on second glance you can see that all boys threaten and pick on each other all in good fun. I can understand why some people might think this, especially since children can be very rough, however, these boys are just having fun and expressing themselves in a way that some people might find mean-spirited. However, it is not as simple as that to believe, after the many incidents of suicide and self harm that these instances of roughhousing have caused.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
In Bully, by Lee Hirsch, many students are interviewed on how bullying as effected their lives, and have lead to self-hate, social problems, and even suicide.

Wiegman Ingalls Othello Act 2 Redo

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea In Act 2 of Othello by William Shakespeare, Shakespeare shows how jealousy and betrayal can ruin friendships and destroy lives. As the main characters travel to Cyprus Iago is beginning to show his deep hatred for Othello as he turns his lieutenant, Michael Cassio, against another officer named Montano. Iago is seen as an evil man throughout this act because he convinces Michael Cassio to pursue Desdemona full knowing it will anger Othello. He does this by getting Cassio drunk and into a fight with Montano, thus losing his lieutenancy. Through his deep abhorrence of Othello, Iago creates a plan that will ensnare everyone around him. In Act 2 of Othello, Shakespeare shows how jealousy and betrayal can ruin friendships and destroy lives.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • No opinion

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • Claim 1: Othello, by William Shakespeare, accurately portrays how Iago can completely ignore human decency on his quest to shame Othello, because Iago is so fueled with revenge, that is he able to only focus on himself and his revenge plot.
    • Set-up Iago shows no restraint as he mentally attacks Othello by using his lieutenant Michael Cassio against him. Iago has convinced Cassio that the only way to earn his position back is to use Othello’s wife Desdemona as a means to an end Othello’s reign as leader.
    • Evidence: Lead-in Desdemona is undoubtedly the closest person to Othello, as well as the most vulnerable to corruption. Iago, a master of manipulation, can sense this and begins to attack her through trying to get her to reinstate Cassio as lieutenant. However, this is all part of much larger plot that Iago has set into acting to exact revenge on Othello. As Iago speaks to the audience directly regarding his plan, he forecasts,
    • And nothing can or shall content my soul Till I am even'd with him, wife for wife; Or failing so, yet that I put the Moor At least into a jealousy so strong that judgement cannot cure" (Shakespeare 2. 2. 299-302).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim Iago after not being named lieutenant has set a plan into action fuel with revenge to shame Othello. Iago, has already manipulated man people, and is still not content. Iago is no satisfied with his work of making a web of lies, he has to have revenge and make things even between Othello and himself. Iago claims that he has to make Othello so jealous and enraged, that he will feel what Iago felt for not being awarded the position. Othello's jealousy will undoubtedly destroy friendships and others' lives that are ensnared into the plan.
    • Counterclaim 1: However, Iago shows qualities such as compassion, honesty for his friends, and self-control.
    • Set-up Iago shows many traits of heroism such as compassion, honesty, and self-control. Iago tries to lift Cassio's spirits despite Cassio's loss of position, Iago inspires Rodrigo to chase after his love with Desdemona, and stops Rodrigo from killing himself.
    • Evidence: Iago is not known for his compassion, however he has shown many instances where he could not have helped his friends, and some of his friend might have been dead if it were not for him. Iago has inspired Rodrigo and Cassio to follow their dreams and helps them along the way. He gave Rodrigo advice on how he can finally be with Desdemona, and he also helped Cassio to be reinstated as lieutenant. 
    • Lead-in As Iago speaks to Cassio he exclaims that he should follow his dreams,  “I protest in the sincerity of love and honest kindness” (Shakespeare 2. 3.345-350).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Iago has shown many examples of compassion for others, helping Cassio back into his leadership role, helping Rodrigo find love with Desdemona, and saving Rodrigo’s life.
    • Rebuttal:A common view is that Iago may have sympathy for Cassio, especially when he does not completely condemn him during his testament of the Montano Cassio fight. This interpretation is not entirely accurate, Iago only insists that Cassio ask Desdemona to be reinstated as lieutenant to tear Desdemona and Othello's relationship apart. It is easy to see why one would believe this viewpoint because people believe that even in the worst people, there is good somewhere. Many people, in your society are optimists and people always want to believe in a higher cause in other people. Optimism is a very reasonable outlook, and is accepted by millions of people throughout the world many people have obscure personalities, but they just have to break through and they can become a whole new person. There are many professional psychologists that are world renowned that recognize how someone just has to break through and they can become a whole new person.  But it's more complicated than that Iago’s logic and reasoning have been so clouded by jealousy and anger that he can no longer see the good in Othello, only the evil he wants to see. Like Anakin Skywalker when he turned into Darth Vader in Star Wars. Iago so fueled by rage has enveloped many people in a plot, and this could lead to broken relationships and turmoil in Othello and Desdemona's life. Iago has created webs of lies that have ensnared many people, and have torn relationships apart before they even began. Othello is already wondering if Cassio and Desdemona are cheating, and Iago lies to Othello in oder for him to get revenge.
Concluding Sentence: In Act 2 of Othello by William Shakespeare, Iago is finally seen putting his master plan into action fueled by jealousy and betrayal, and shows little compassion for human life, as well as manipulation that tears relationships apart and destroys everyone that gets close to Iago.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

Wiegman Ingalls Othello Act 2 Summary response

Summary Response Outline


Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea In Act 2 of Othello by William Shakespeare, Shakespeare shows how jealousy and betrayal can ruin friendships and destroy lives. As the main characters travel to Cyprus Iago is beginning to show his deep hatred for Othello as he turns his lieutenant, Michael Cassio, against another officer named Montano. Iago is seen as an evil man throughout this act because he convinces Michael Cassio to pursue Desdemona full knowing it will anger Othello. He does this by getting Cassio drunk and into a fight with Montano, thus losing his lieutenancy. Through his deep abhorrence of Othello, Iago creates a plan that will ensnare everyone around him. In Act 2 of Othello, Shakespeare shows how jealousy and betrayal can ruin friendships and destroy lives.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
  • Explanation of ideas
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • No opinion


Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
  • Claim 1: Othello, by William Shakespeare, accurately portrays how Iago can completely ignore human decency on his quest to shame Othello, because Iago is so fueled with revenge, that is he able to only focus on himself and his revenge plot.
    • Set-up Iago shows no restraint as he mentally attacks Othello by using his lieutenant Michael Cassio against him. Iago has convinced Cassio that the only way to earn his position back is to use Othello’s wife Desdemona as a means to an end Othello’s reign as leader.
    • Evidence: Lead-in Desdemona is undoubtedly the closest person to Othello, as well as the most vulnerable to corruption. Iago, a master of manipulation, can sense this and begins to attack her through trying to get her to reinstate Cassio as lieutenant. However, this is all part of much larger plot that Iago has set into acting to exact revenge on Othello. As Iago speaks to the audience directly regarding his plan, he forecasts,
    • And nothing can or shall content my soul Till I am even'd with him, wife for wife; Or failing so, yet that I put the Moor At least into a jealousy so strong that judgement cannot cure" (Shakespeare 2. 2. 299-302).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim Iago after not being named lieutenant has set a plan into action fuel with revenge to shame Othello. Iago, has already manipulated man people, and is still not content. Iago is no satisfied with his work of making a web of lies, he has to have revenge and make things even between Othello and himself. Iago claims that he has to make Othello so jealous and enraged, that he will feel what Iago felt for not being awarded the position. Othello's jealousy will undoubtedly destroy friendships and others' lives that are ensnared into the plan.
    • Counterclaim 1: However, Iago shows qualities such as compassion, honesty for his friends, and self-control.
    • Set-up Iago shows many traits of heroism such as compassion, honesty, and self-control. Iago tries to lift Cassio's spirits despite Cassio's loss of position, Iago inspires Rodrigo to chase after his love with Desdemona, and stops Rodrigo from killing himself.
    • Evidence: Iago is not known for his compassion, however he has shown many instances where he could not have helped his friends, and some of his friend might have been dead if it were not for him. Iago has inspired Rodrigo and Cassio to follow their dreams and helps them along the way. He gave Rodrigo advice on how he can finally be with Desdemona, and he also helped Cassio to be reinstated as lieutenant. 
    • Lead-in As Iago speaks to Cassio he exclaims that he should follow his dreams,  “I protest in the sincerity of love and honest kindness” (Shakespeare 2. 3.345-350).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Iago has shown many examples of compassion for others, helping Cassio back into his leadership role, helping Rodrigo find love with Desdemona, and saving Rodrigo’s life.
    • Rebuttal:A common view is that Iago may have sympathy for Cassio, especially when he does not completely condemn him during his testament of the Montano Cassio fight. This interpretation is not entirely accurate, Iago only insists that Cassio ask Desdemona to be reinstated as lieutenant to tear Desdemona and Othello's relationship apart. It is easy to see why one would believe this viewpoint because people believe that even in the worst people, there is good somewhere. Many people, in your society are optimists and people always want to believe in a higher cause in other people. Optimism is a very reasonable outlook, and is accepted by millions of people throughout the world many people have obscure personalities, but they just have to break through and they can become a whole new person. There are many professional psychologists that are world renowned that recognize how someone just has to break through and they can become a whole new person.  But it's more complicated than that Iago’s logic and reasoning have been so clouded by jealousy and anger that he can no longer see the good in Othello, only the evil he wants to see. Like Anakin Skywalker when he turned into Darth Vader in Star Wars. Iago so fueled by rage has enveloped many people in a plot, and this could lead to broken relationships and turmoil in Othello and Desdemona's life. Iago has created webs of lies that have ensnared many people, and have torn relationships apart before they even began. Othello is already wondering if Cassio and Desdemona are cheating, and Iago lies to Othello in oder for him to get revenge.
Concluding Sentence: In Act 2 of Othello by William Shakespeare, Iago is finally seen putting his master plan into action fueled by jealousy and betrayal, and shows little compassion for human life, as well as manipulation that tears relationships apart and destroys everyone that gets close to Iago.



Friday, September 11, 2015

Wiegman Wiegert "Bully" by Lee Hirsch Redo

Summary Response Outline


Summary:
  • Topic sentence: Bully, by Lee Hirsch, portrays the very real problem of bullying through the stories of its victims.
  • The stories show how terrible bullying really is. Some even prove that bullying can lead to self-hate, problems with families, and even suicide. In Bully, by Lee Hirsch, many students are interviewed on how bullying as effected their lives, and have lead to self-hate, social problems, and even suicide.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays) because ___________ .
  • Claim 1 Set-up- 1 Bully, by Lee Hirsch, is a serious movie, that correctly portrays how bullying can lead to self-hate, problems with families, and even suicide, because of teasing, physical, and emotional trauma by classmates.
  • Evidence: Lead-in   While being interviewed by the camera crew, Alex confessed his loneliness and insecurities, I feel like I belong somewhere else,” (Hirsch).
  • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: Alex implies that he’s not good enough to have friends or to fit in wherever he might be. Bullying through his years of schooling has destroyed his self esteem, and has made him think less of himself. These taints have lead him to hate himself, and have changed his life for the worse. Although many people see bullying is more physical harm, psychological harm is far more common in our modern schools. This emotional trauma can lead children to have problems in their lives and lead to actions such as suicide due to their thinking that it is better to end it then to keep suffering.
  • Counterclaim 1:

    • Set-up  However, many school officials believe that bullying is just kids being kids and rough-housing. They have even held meetings and assemblies about anti-bullying and have confronted bullies and their parents.
    • Evidence: Lead-in   Many parents see bullying, yet they see that it is all in good fun, this line was taken from a school official during an interview on the seriousness of bullying. “Boys will be boys,” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim

These boys are just horsing around calling each other names, and having some rough fun. Although some of these “bullies” might take it too far at times, many parents believe that their boys are just trying to connect with children that they don’t know, and so they are rough to try to see what the other kid is like. ALmost everyone has encountered these school yard games and taunts, yet we still made many friends and also became friends with the so called "bully". These games may be mean to some children, but these social encounters have made us stronger, made many friends, and prepared us for the hardships of the real world.

At first you might think that these children are only picking on one child, but on second glance you can see that all boys threaten and pick on each other all in good fun. I can understand why some people might think this, especially since children can be very rough, however, these boys are just having fun and expressing themselves in a way that some people might find mean-spirited. However, it is not as simple as that to believe, after the many incidents of suicide and self harm that these instances of roughhousing have caused.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
In Bully, by Lee Hirsch, many students are interviewed on how bullying as effected their lives, and have lead to self-hate, social problems, and even suicide.

Wiegman Summary Response Outline Othello Redo

Outline for “Othello: Act 1”
Summary:
  • Topic sentence: Othello, by William Shakespeare, proves that friends, and people in general, are not always who they seem to be.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas: From the point when Iago uses Roderigo to bring to light the affair between Othello and Brabantio’s daughter, to Iago convincing Roderigo not to drown himself, there were always ulterior motives behind Iago’s seemingly friendly actions. Although Roderigo perceived these actions as gestures of friendship, Iago was ultimately pursuing his goal of taking revenge on Othello by using Roderigo as a means to achieve that goal. Clearly, Shakespeare demonstrates how although someone’s motives may seem pure, that is not always the case.  


Response:
  • Topic sentence: Othello, by WIlliam Shakespeare, correctly depicts how people can use each other without any regard for human life or decency, because he is constantly involving more and more people into his plan that is fueled by revenge and betrayal.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up At the beginning of the play, Iago makes it clear that he is angry at Othello for not awarding him the rank lieutenant, instead giving it to Cassio who Iago does not think is deserving of the position.  
    • Evidence: Lead-in Iago is so distraught and enraged that he was not awarded the position of lieutenant, that he ropes in a “friend” under false pretenses to help him get his revenge on Brabantio, and said to Rodrigo with false pretenses, “‘Though that his joy be joy yet throw such changes of vexation on’t, as it may lose some color.’ ‘Here is her father’s house, I’ll call aloud’” (Shakespeare 1.1.70).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim Iago wants revenge for the loss of the military command role, but is playing a much more intricate game, using Rodrigo to direct the father’s blame and hatred towards. This quote shows how much Iago wants to harm the father and his emotional state, exposing an affair of sorts with a black man.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, .... Even though Iago seems to be motivated solely by personal gain, the argument could be made that Iago does show concern for his friend’s well being.
    • Set-up While Iago is proposing a plan for Roderigo to win back Desdemona, Roderigo hints that he is thinking about drowning himself in his despair.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  Iago rushes to talk Roderigo out of it, saying “‘If thou dost I shall never love thee after. Why, thou silly gentleman!’ ‘It is silliness to live, when to live is torment, and then we have a prescription to die when death is our physician.’ ‘O villainous! I have looked upon the world for four times seven years, and since I could distinguish betwixt a benefit and an injury, I never found man that knew how to love himself. Ere I would say I would drown myself for the love of a guinea hen, I would change my humanity with a baboon’” (Shakespeare 1.3.348).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: Iago is clearly shocked when Roderigo hints that he might drown himself. Iago, has also helped out Brabantio by alerting him of his daughter's misdeeds and helping him and Rodrigo. Iago also attempted to convince Roderigo that all is not lost in his attempt to marry Desdemona. Iago clearly shows that he is caring for his friends and cares greatly for them.

  • Rebuttal: At first glance, it may seem that Iago is genuinely concerned for the well being of Roderigo, as he offers to help him confront Brabantio and talks him out of drowning himself. One cannot deny that Iago does demonstrate concern, at least on the surface for Roderigo. However, Iago later admits that he was trying to gain control over Roderigo, saying to himself after Roderigo leaves, “‘Thus do I ever make my fool my purse’” (Shakespeare 1.3.426). Iago refers to Roderigo as his purse in saying this, suggesting that he wants to transform Roderigo into his personal puppet. Iago makes Roderigo sell his land for money to try to marry Desdemona, but there id undoubtably another purpose for his actions. At first, Iago attempted to inflict the wrath of Brabantio on Othello by using Roderigo to inform Brabantio that Desdemona was married to Othello. By using Roderigo, Iago has redirected the blame fro himself and solely onto Roderigo if anything were to happen. When the Duke found that Desdemona was married to Othello of her own will, then Iago had to find a new plan. He still needed Rodrigo, however, so when Roderigo threatened to drown himself, Iago hastened to talk him out of doing so. Through using Roderigo in this way, Iago forms a perfect example of how people can use each other with so little regard for human life or decency.
  • Concluding Sentence: Othello, by William Shakespeare, proves that friends, and people in general, are not always who they seem to be